Dr. Jacob Ngoy Masiala

University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa


Talk Title
Africa Energy Development: An Approach of Climate Change Mitigation and Clandestine Migration Eradication
Talk Abstract

Africa has large quantities of fossil fuels, including coal, oil and gas. However, the use of fossil fuels is threatened because of its high greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The suppression of fossil fuel utilization will be, on the one hand, a rapid solution to reduce CO2 emissions in the atmosphere, on the other hand, a breakdown of industrial development and Africa economic growth. In this respect, fossil fuel energy will continue to play a central role over the next few decades due to the increase of population going hand-in-hand with increased energy demand per inhabitant. Nowadays, Carbon capture and storage (CCS), is a widely accepted selected track towards sustainable application of fossil fuels. The ambition to introduce CCS technology in Africa raises particular considerations and challenges, where, more fundamentally, pressing socio-economic needs imply that there are other policy priorities than GHG mitigation.
Is it possible for Africa to switch to renewable energy while, with affordable fossil fuels, more than half of Africans live without electricity? Energy insufficiency has adverse consequences for Africa's development. Africa has a large area forest which has the ability of high emissions storage to prevent climate change. However, Africans, for lack of sufficient energy, have become friends of the forests because they have to cut wood for energy without a plan of replanting. In addition, Africa in its weak posture, despite its great resources, plunges the world further into the economic crisis.
Unemployment in Africa is therefore the main problem of many African countries. It drives people to risk drowning in the Mediterranean in an effort to reach Europe. It draws young men especially to crime, militia gangs, even terror groups. A lead factor in joblessness is a lack of industry, and industry is not possible without power.
Thus, there is need to implement appropriate energies strategies for Africa sustainable development and to investigate available energy resources in Africa that could provide efficient energy with low emissions.
Many problems in the world can be solved by raising the standard African economy.
This research attempted to implement energy strategies and policies that can promote Africa’s economic growth and large-scale industrialization.

Short Biography

Masiala Ngoy Jacob holds a BSc, MSc and PhD in Chemical Engineering with a specialization in Energy, Environment, Nanotechnologies and Polymers. He graduated for PhD on April 1, 2016 in the School of Chemical Engineering at the University of the Witwatersrand. He has conducted several researches on green energy, especially on the sustainability of fossil fuels with the reduction of CO2 emissions. After receiving a grant from NORAD Petroleum Energy, he liaised between the University of the Witwatersrand and the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) to develop Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) in South Africa and Africa. He has large knowledge of energy efficiency in interaction with the economy and the environment. In addition, he attended advanced continuous courses on CO2 capture in power plants, and participated in several workshops, including the IEAGHG 2018 Summer School in Norway. The vast knowledge gained in CO2 capture technology has enabled him to train professional engineers to understand the key principles of CO2 capture in power plants.
Dr. Masiala Ngoy Jacob is currently a research fellow in the Clean Coal Technology Research Group at the University of the Witwatersrand. As part of his research on energy, he discussed with the ESKOM research team ways to reduce CO2 emissions from power plants with offsetting cost. In addition, he made several interventions in the newspaper "The Washington Times" on development strategies for Africa to generate an appropriate energy to support a major industrialization.
He has supervised several postgraduate researches in the field of energy and has been nominated as an energy thesis examiner several times.
Today, Masiala Ngoy has 12 publications and more than 14 presentations at international conferences, including GHGT12, TCCS-7 and TCCS-8.

Target Audience
Students, Post doctoral, Industry, Doctors and professors
Speaker-intro video

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