Pr. Igor A. Kirillov

Kurchatov Institute, Moscow, Russia


Talk Title
Emerging Hydrogen Energy Infrastructure: Principles of Safety and Resilience Assurance
Talk Abstract

Hydrogen - as a perspective powerful, effective, clean and renewable energy carrier - can be used for a broad range of applications (from stationary production of electricity, heat and water for various end uses to portable power to vehicles in energy applications, in non-energy applications (fertilizer industries, petroleum refineries), in residential applications, in commercial applications (back-up power sources, etc). Hydrogen is friendly towards the environment, so it can be used in ways that other fuels can’t even possibly match.

Global shift from fossil, carbon-based economy to a clean, renewable hydrogen energy paradigm is impossible without meeting three challenges:

1) cost reduction for the innovative technologies in hydrogen production, storage, transport, distribution and usage shall be attained;

2) gradual introduction of hydrogen energy into market via an appropriate infrastructure development;

3) safety and resilience of the hydrogen energy infrastructure shall be assured at levels, which will be comparable or even higher, then available now for the fossil (coal, oil, gas) and renewable (wind, sun) energy sources.      

Emerging hydrogen energy infrastructure represents a complex “system-of-systems”. It includes hydrogen production plants, powered by hydrocarbon, renewable or nuclear energy sources, high pressure gaseous or cryogenic transportation networks and storage facilities, refueling stations, etc.

Behavior and safety of the hydrogen energy infrastructure under hypothetical accident conditions will be defined by the multiple and, mainly, non-linear interactions between technical, informational (cyber) and social sub-systems. Traditional approaches for safety assurance of the hazardous technical systems (nuclear power plants, offshore platforms, etc.) have inherent limitations and drawbacks.

More comprehensive (in comparison with the dominating now) safety framework is necessary for design, construction, operation, risk and resilience assessment and management of the critical, high-risk elements of hydrogen energy “system-of-systems”.

This presentation focuses on the top-level principles for safety and resilience assurance of the emerging hydrogen energy infrastructure (but applicable to the other high-risk techno-cyber-social “system-of-systems”).

These abstract principles, derived from previous safety provision practice and from theoretical studies of the last decade, can be useful for two communities (stakeholders in hydrogen energy infrastructure development).

Engineers and designers are needed in the design guidelines, which explicitly take into consideration not only the physical interactions between hardware elements (equipment failure, etc.) under accident conditions, but also the other safety-related factors (malfunctions in or attack on the cyber networks, which control or monitor technological processes, etc.).

Regulatory bodies and safety analysts will be benefited from the pre-normative documents, where the technical, cyber and social (regulations/policy, human and organizational factors) drivers for safety are incorporated into a self-consistent safety regulation framework.

The proposed set of abstract principles are compared to the concrete safety solutions, derived in the specific applications – high temperature gas-cooled nuclear reactor and methane steam reformer.

Short Biography

Dr. Igor A. Kirillov is a leading researcher in Theory and Modeling Lab at National Research Centre “Kurchatv Institute” (Moscow, Russia). In 1982 he graduated with Master Degree in Nuclear Engineering (summa cum laude) from Moscow Institute of Physics and Technologies, where obtained also his PhD degree in Plasma Physcis and Chemistry in 1985. Igor has more then 31 years of R&D experience at National Research Center Kurchatov Institute in theory development, analytic and computational models development, numerical simulations of the physico-chemical processes and systems, risk-informed and performance-based safety provision in different applications - nuclear engineering, industrial safety, civil engineering, hydrogen energy. He managed over 25+ successful contract R&D projects for the industrial and governmental customers from USA, Japan, Spain, South Korea, Germany, France and Sweden, including international companies, national (oversees) companies, research institutes.

Talk Keywords
hydrogen energy, infrastructure, safety, resilience, assurance.
Target Audience
Students, Post doctoral, Industry, Doctors and professors
Speaker-intro video

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